Italian Cashmere Yarn

Hi,

my name is Federico Scatizzi, owner of the web site www.florencecashmereyarn.com

I am glad to briefly present you our pure cashmere yarns, and I would like to show you the way to purchase them.
On our web page you can find pure cashmere yarns for hand knitting and to machine. These yarns are produced by some of the finest yarn specialized companies, such as Filati Biagioli Modesto, Cariaggi, LoroPiana, Filatura Papi, Natural Fantasy and many others italian spinnings.

We are traders, we are not manufacturers, our yarns come from stock made with companies specialized in cashmere processing. We buy small lots of yarn at very affordable prices and we can sell directly to the public or private wholesale, at prices up to a quarter of the normal price you would find in other stores. All our yarns are new, they are not remanufactured.

You may be wondering how all this is possible. I’ll try to explain it in a nutshell.

The producer of cashmere knitwear or clothing, usually buy in large quantities directly from manufacturers.
The yarn in excess inventories, generated by these companies once they finish setting up their own collection and production of clothing,  is sold at prices far below cost prices, in fact at  stock prices. This allows us to buy these stocks and put them back for sale to our customers in small quantities at a very exceptional price.

This means that every article and color of yarn is available on our website in very small amounts, sometimes less than a pound, and it is difficult to find the same article once it is finished.
For this reason we don’t provide color charts or samples, as it may happen that when you get the color cards or sample of that particular article of yarn, maybe the same article has already been sold.

The knitting yarns are divided into yarn in balls and yarn packages.
The yarns in balls have already been treated with water, that have already been washed, and can be directly processed. The balls are 50 grams and the price varies according to the article and the thickness of the yarn.

To view the catalog of yarns in balls for knitting, click on the corresponding category.

Knitting yarns on cones have not been treated with water. Nevertheless, it can work the grill directly. My advice is to wash the garment (vest, cardigan, scarf, and so on) when you’re done to achieve it. Garments made with these yarns may have a narrowing of one or two percent after the first wash. If you want advice on how to wash cashmere garments, please visit our blog, following the link at the end of every page on our website.

To view the catalog of hand-knitting yarns in roche, click knitting yarn on cones

The machine yarns have mainly a value of 2/28000, to be processed on the machine at thinness 12 if they have one end, or thinness 7 if they have two ends, depending on the type of your machine. Sometimes you can find different thinness as well.

To view the catalog of yarns to work with the machine, click on yarn by machine.
Then clicking on the title, you will find all the data: fineness, colors, available quantity, price, and so on.

Money-back guarantee.
The guarantee covers the goods as described and does not cover damage caused during transport which is not directly assignable. The right to withdraw from the contract is guaranteed providing it is exercised within 10 days from receipt of the goods and on condition that the goods be returned (transport costs at your expense), after which time, the contract will be considered favourably and definitely concluded. Any costs and expenses borne will be withheld and the balance reimbursed to the purchaser. Should the goods not conform to the description, precise details of the defect or error must be notified within 2 days from receipt of the goods to be able to obtain a total reimbursement, without expenses or charges, and on condition that the goods be duly returned. It is obligatory to contact the vendor prior to sending back the goods. If (at any moment) you decide that you’re not satisfied with our products , please send an e-mail to info@companyofcashmere.com explaining the reason of your claim, and your intention to obtain the complete reimboursement.

How to make a purchase.
It’s very easy to buy in our website. We have chosen a particular kind of e-commerce software, that makes your purchase extremely simple. It offer a clear procedure that leads you through the steps of your purchase. You will see how it will be simple to buy a product at “Company of Cashmere”.
Once you have found your product, let’s insert the    quantity, and where required, select the color (using the table in the model page), then click on Add to Cart button. After that, you will see a wizard that will lead you through some steps to follow in order to complete your order.
Please, be sure that your address is exact and complete, ready for shipment.

How to make a payment
You can pay using your credit card, or by bank wire. We suggest to use credit card, as it is more comfortable, faster and it protects your purchase.

Credit Card payments
We have chosen Paypal to manage online payments. In this way you are protected by the most secure and famous payment method in the world.
You are not requested to have a Paypal account (but you can get one if you wish), you can pay using your credit card (VISA, Mastercard and American Express) or using a prepaid credit card.

Payment by Bank Wire
You can choose also the “Bank Wire” payment method. You can choose it when you checkout, you have to insert your personal informations, including your shipping address and your telephone number (for further communications if necessary) . After confirming your order, you will receive the bank info by e-mail. Once you have completed the bank wire payment, please advise us by e-mail at buy@companyofcashmere.com adding the CRO number of bank wire payment, and if possible, include a scanned copy of the payment (bank receipt).

Shipment
We ship your order once we receive the payment, by Poste Italiane (Italian mail service) or TNT Express Courier.

Shipping To European Community countries
Deliveries to EU countries are made by TNT Global Express, and the delivery will be made within 2-3 business days. Deliveries to EU countries do not have additional costs or customs fees.

Shipping non-EU countries
Shipments are made by the Italian Mail “Poste Italiane” or TNT Express Courier; please read carefully the shipping terms below.

Shipping with Italian Mail “Poste Italiane” Shipments made by Poste Italiane are exempt from customs fees and charges, and are carried out under the following conditions:
– Shipments by air (air mail) are delivered in approximately 7-10 business days from date of shipment.
– Ground Shipments (Standard Shipping) are delivered in 20 working days from date of shipment
Shipments made by TNT Global Express are delivered in a maximum of 5 working days from date of shipment, but requiring the payment of customs fees and charges.
Unfortunately, most countries do not make public their customs charges, and we can not calculate the costs that you incur if you choose this type of shipment.
Customs charges have different costs depending on the country of destination, usually is around 4-7% of the total cost of the goods (this percentage is not defined and may vary according to customs laws of the destination country).
You can calculate shipping costs prior to checkout. Go to your shopping cart after having entered the product of your choice, enter a zip code and / or select your country of residence in the table “Estimate Shipping and Tax” and click on “Get a Quote”, select the shipping method preferences and proceed to checkout.

Refund and Reimbursement
In case of refund, you have to send back the products (at your load, we’ll call this). With the refund, contract shall be considered favorably and finally concluded by deducting any costs and expenses incurred.
If instead we simply send the wrong item, please contact us within 2 days after receiving the package, writing at customer@companyofcashmere.com clearly showing the defect and/or the error, you are entitled to full reimbursement, without any charges after return of the sent item.
It is required to contact the seller before you return the goods

How to register and to modify your personal informations
This site allows you to sign up, with several advantages. In this way you will enter your information – not the credit card number, of course – only the first time, and for further purchases, the site will remember them and will propose them to you. You can also easily see the history of your purchases on this site.
Registering it is very simple: just click on the Account link located on the top right, in every page, below the search box. Obviously, you can change your registered information at any time from your account.

www.florencecashmereyarn.com



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Harsh winter wipes out millions of cashmere goats

Article from Asia News

Ulaan Baatar (AsiaNews/Agencies) – The cold winter that brought heavy snowfall, icy winds and temperatures averaging minus 35 Celsius has also killed more than 2,000,000 heads of livestock, especially cashmere goats, known for their soft and warm wool. The survival of Mongolia’s nomadic herders, who account for approximately one-third of Mongolia’s labour force, is at stake. This year’s harsh winter comes on top of a very dry summer, which hampered the ability of many herders to gather sufficient supplies of fodder and hay.

Mongolian herders are used to cold winter, but very few if any remember one like this one, the harshest in living memory. Khurmatai, who like many herders goes by one name, told Eurasianet that even when it was very cold, like in 2001, “there was grass under the snow.” However, “This year there is nothing but sand”.

With little access to pastureland and limited fodder stores, herders must take a measured approach to protecting their animals. Khurmatai keeps the weakest animals in a stone corral next to his home, a meagre pile of hay spread on the ground. He fears they will not survive until spring.

On a recent day, he lost 20 goats, huddled in the corral, covered with snow. Though 200 animals remain in his flock, “before spring we will lose most of them for sure, if the weather continues like this”.

Other herders have left their weakest animals to die in an attempt to keep the best ones alive. When they die, they skin the animals and sell the hides, even though that will bring in less than half of what they would make were they to sell wool sheared from live animals in the spring.

Herders left without a flock to shepherd by spring would have little choice but to move with their families to a village or a city to look for a job.

According to the United Nations, 19 of Mongolia’s 21 provinces have been hit by what officials call a “humanitarian disaster”.

The Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) estimates that as many as four million of 144 million animals nationwide could die before spring. Families with smaller herds are particularly vulnerable.

An eight-province assessment mission by FAO found that 21,000 herding families had suffered losses of 50 per cent or more.

Several countries, including China and Australia, have sent emergency aid to Mongolia, but herders generally live in vast regions that are hard to reach, partly because of heavy snowfalls that isolated entire villages.

Scores of herding communities, their flocks devastated, migrated to the capital and provincial cities after the harsh winter in 2001.

Many families did not find employment and were thrust into poverty. Others fear this year might bring the same.

www.compagniadelcashmere.com



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Il gelido inverno della Mongolia falcidia milioni di capre cachemire

Articolo ripreso da Asia News

Ulaan Baatar (AsiaNews/Agenzie) – Un gelido inverno, con pesanti nevicate, tempeste di vento e freddo fino a 35 gradi sottozero, ha già ucciso oltre 2 milioni di capi di bestiame dei pastori mongoli, soprattutto le capre cachemire rinomate per la lana soffice e calda. E’ in pericolo lo stesso tenore di vita dei pastori nomadi, che costituiscono circa un terzo della forza lavoro della Mongolia.

L’estate 2009 è stata molto secca, così che parecchi pastori non hanno potuto costituire grandi scorte di cibo. Ora l’inverno gelido rende più difficile trovare da mangiare per il bestiame.

I pastori mongoli sono abituati a inverni rigidi, ma mai come questo. Khumatai, provincia di Hovd ad occidente, che come molti pastori usa solo un nome, spiega all’agenzia Eurasianet che quando pure ha fatto molto freddo, come nel 2001, almeno “c’era erba sotto la neve. Quest’anno troviamo solo terra”. Nella zona ci sono pochi ripari e stalle, limitati negozi di mangimi e comunque i pastori nomadi non sono abituati ad avere molto denaro con loro. Khumatai tiene le bestie più deboli in un recinto di pietre vicino alla sua casa ma teme che molte non vivranno fino a primavera. In un solo giorno gli sono morte 20 capre, nel recinto coperto dalla nevicata. Gli rimangono 200 animali, ma teme che la gran parte morirà, se il tempo non migliora.

Altri pastori hanno già lasciato al loro destino gli animali più deboli, nel tentativo di salvare almeno i migliori. Vendono la pelle delle bestie morte, ma ne ricavano meno della metà di quanto avrebbe fruttato la lana cachemire a primavera.

Se muoiono molti animali, non ci sarà abbastanza lavoro per tutti i pastori e molti dovranno abbandonare la loro vita nomane e andare nelle città in cerca di lavoro.

Le Nazioni Unite parlano di “disastro umanitario” che ha colpito 19 del 21 province. L’Organizzazione per il Cibo e l’Agricoltura (Fao) stima che moriranno non meno di 4 dei 144 milioni di animali allevati. Le più vulnerabili sono le famiglie con piccoli allevamenti: la Fao ha visitato 8 province e constatato che 21mila famiglie di allevatori hanno perso almeno 50% del bestiame. Vari Paesi, come Cina e Australia, hanno mandato aiuti. Ma i pastori sono sperduti per larghi territori ed è difficile raggiungerli, anche per le ripetute pesanti nevicate che isolano interi villaggi.

Già dopo il gelido inverno del 2001 intere comunità, dopo avere perso tutto il bestiame, sono migrate nella capitale e in altre città. Molti non hanno trovato lavoro né si sono adeguati al modo di vivere e sono caduti in povertà. Il timore è che quest’anno succeda lo stesso.

www.compagniadelcashmere.com



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Top con orlo a smerli

OCCORRENTE (per una taglia 42): gr. 130 di filati, colore a scelta, ferri n. 4. Ago da lana con punta arrotondata. Telaietti medi (circa cm. 10 di lato).

PUNTI IMPIEGATI:
Con i ferri: maglia rasata.
Maglia bassissima (m.bss.)
Maglia bassa (m.bs.)
Maglia alta.
Maglia altissima (m.alts.)
Pippiolino (pipp.): 3 cat. e 1 m.bs. nella 1^ cat.

Con i telaietti: preparare la trama e l’ordito con 4 fili di filato doppiati. Annodare i fili a quattro a quattro lateralmente e a otto a otto al centro formando un fiore di 4 petali.

CAMPIONE:
Cm. 10×10 lavorati con i ferri n. 4 a maglia rasata sono pari a 16 m.e 24 ferri.

ESECUZIONE:
Dietro: avv. 58 m. con i ferri n. 4 e lav. a m. rasata. A 19 cm. di alt., intrecc. le m.
Con l’unc., lav. nel modo seg.:
1^ riga: agganciarsi con 1 m.bs. alla 1^ m. intrecciata, 4 cat. (3 cat.= 1 m.alta, 1 cat.= spazio), salt. 1 m., 1 m. alta nella m. seg., 1 cat.; rip. da * a * per tutta la riga e term. con 1 m. alta nell’ultima m. intrecciata volt.
2^ riga: 4 cat., salt. 1 spazio, nella m.alta seg. lav. 1 m.alta, 1 cat.;rip. da * a * per tutta la riga e term. con 1 m.alta nell’ultima m., volt.
Rip. la 2^ riga per 6 volte ancora. Per la spallina, fermare il lavoro sui primi 6 spazi, agganciarsi con 1 m.bs. alla m.alta seg.,3 cat., nella stessa m. di base lav. 1 m.alta, (1 cat., 1 m.alta nella m.alta seg.) per 3 volte, nella stessa m. di base lav. 1 m. alta, volt. e lav. a rete filet per 12 righe, lavorando sempre 2 m.alte all’inizio e alla fine. Salt. 9 spazi del dietro e lav. un’altra spallina nello stesso modo. Eseguire 12 moduli con i telaietti e unirli tra loro con l’unc. a m.bs. ottenendo una larghezza di cm. 36 e un’altezza di cm. 29. Con l’unc., eseguire due spalline come fatto per il dietro, lavorando la 1^ riga a m.bs.

CONFEZIONE:
Cucire i fianchi e le spalline. Con l’unc., rifinire il fondo del top nel modo seg.:
1° giro:
4 cat., salt. 1 m., 1 m. alta nella m. seg., 1 cat.; rip.da * a * per tutto il giro, term. con 1 m.bss., nella 3^ delle 4 cat. d’inizio.
2° giro:
1 m.bs., salt. 1 spazio, nello spazio seg. lav. 5 m.alts., divise da 1 cat.; salt. 1 spazio, 1 m.bs. nello spazio seg.; rip. da * a * per tutto il giro, term. con 1 m.bss. nella 1^ m.bs.
3° giro:
in ogni spazio lav.1 m.bs. e 1 pipp., term. con 1 m.bss. nella 1^ m.bs. Spezzare e fissare il filo.

Ciao
Federico Scatizzi

www.hircusfilati.com



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From fiber to yarn

If you pull a thread from a cotton fabric, examining it carefully you will see that is formed by a number of thin fibers (long from a few millimeters to about 5 centimeters) twisted together. The same applies to a thread of wool, but in this case the fibers are longer (5 to 15 centimeters). In a thread of silk fibers are even longer (even several meters). In any case, the resistance of the wire depends on the number of turns given to the fibers.

Up to two hundred years ago, the fibers were spun laboriously by hand, by means of spindles and distaff. In 1764 James Hargreaves invented a machine for spinning cotton, which was run eight spindles at a time. Hargreaves’s invention was called giannelta (Jenng from his wife) and was the first of a series of machines that have revolutionized the technique of spinning. In 1769 was turned the spinning wheel of Sir Richard Arkwright in 1779 and appeared to work the spinning intermittent Samuel Crompton, who, unlike the previous ones, producing very fine yarns.

Before being spun, the fibers must undergo a cleaning process. The raw cotton bales must be extracted from about 250 kilograms of highly compressed, and then passed into a series of machines to loosen, mix it and beat him, freeing him from big msi impurities and traces of soil. Once clean, the cotton is compressed into the form of groundwater (sheets), and is ready for cardahice. This machine consists of a horizontal cylinder, covered with a large number of iron teeth, which rotates rapidly. These teeth pass (comb) of cotton fibers from groundwater to the cylinder, which soon becomes covered with a thin layer of fibers arranged parallel to each other. The cylinder rotates just under a series of so-called “rappelle”, is also the teeth of iron. Hats off comb the fibers from the cylinder so that, leaving the carding, they are reduced in the form of a slow tape often around one finger.

These strips of cotton are very different from the raw materials into highly compressed bales heavy as it had arrived at the factory not only carding disentangles the fibers and removes any remaining impurities, but also eliminates the weaker fibers that would reduce the quality of the yarn. The fibers are now packaged without compressing, free to slide on each other. This often tape passed through special machines called rtiratoi, is then stretched to become more subtle. To ensure a uniform union yarn fiber for its entire length, sometimes you have several tapes in parallel to stretch together. To obtain an exceptionally smooth spun before straightening to pass the tapes are made by combing machines that make the fiber even more parallel. Once you have been stretched to the desired thickness, the strips are twisted into yarn.

The raw wool must be washed to remove the natural oil and sweat accumulated. The wool is much like the cotton row, with some variations caused by the fact that the wool fibers are longer and more wavy. During the operation of carding processes are different depending on whether you want to get carded wool (and then the fibers are carded in order not to keep them parallel, but let them go in all directions) or a worsted yarn (in this second case the fibers Cardano and comb their hair in order to place them perfectly parallel).
The silk should not be carded. Silk cocoons are dipped into hot water to dissolve the gummy substance that holds the fibers together; do this, the fibers are unwound from the cocoons and twisted to form yarn.

Artificial fibers are reduced directly from the filament yarns that are cold-ironed, but if you must combine artificial fibers other natural fibers, which are shorter, you must cut them in advance, so as to bring them all ‘ approximately the same length of natural fibers.

The yarns can be enhanced by further twisting, but it makes them any more harsh to the touch. This hardness is suitable for worsted used for clothing for men, but not for wool yarns that are used in knitting, the latter must be twisting just enough to give them the necessary resistance, which may indeed increase (without jeopardizing the softness) twisting together two or three thin yarn.

The artificial yarns become “elastic” through the process known as false twisting, the fibers that leads to the form of coil springs, long and thin, but after being pulled, reproduce more or less their original length.

www.florencecashmereyarn.com



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Textile and leather

Already in prehistoric times humans had learned to make rope which he used for hunting and trapping (perhaps by rubbing between the leg and the hand of sheaves of grass.) Over time she learned to spin fibers such as jute , hemp, flax and cotton, and yarn used to weave nets and weaving garments. When about 6000 years ago, civilizations flourished in the Near and Middle East, people already knew colors, fabrics with vegetable dyes.

Since then no progress has been sensation until about 200 years ago, when they were built machines capable of spinning and weaving. These machines were the forerunners of the Industrial Revolution. Then, in 1856, William Henry Perkin made in the laboratory a tinge of mauve, the first of thousands of artificial colors.

The second major step was taken in 1884 when Count Hilaire de Chardonnet found a way to split the molecule of natural cellulose molecules in a series of very small pili and create the first artificial fiber, rayon. In 1939 Wallace Carothers revenue from products of the distillation of coal, the first synthetic fiber, produced entirely by man nylon.

www.compagniadelcashmere.com



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