The yarns “blown” (air-spun)

Puno2 824-turcheseThe meeting with Puno can be unsettling. Looking voluptuous, silky to the touch, soft. What really surprises is its lightness, large portions of the sky were mixed all’alpaca to be able to create. In Puno is the wind blowing in the highlands of Peru on its path encounters sincere colors of those lands. Cereals and gold peep from beige, tobacco and copper in the scale of brown. There are shades of gray, silver and coal browned. It ‘a string of exuberant wealth, and it is impossible to hide it, in whatever form it is shaped.

The yarns “blown” (air-spun), are defined as follows for the characteristic processing.

It is an innovative system that, unlike the traditional spinning, does not use the cohesive force of the torsion to aggregate the fibers but that “containment” of a tubular fine, almost invisible, within which the fiber is blown into the free form. In this way the yarn and the garments obtained with it are incomparably lighter than conventional ones. Moreover, thanks to the particular structure of the “blown”, aerial and not compact, create the “clothes-barrier” which act almost as “double insulation” between the body and the external environment, which keep the temperature stable and enhance breathability (warm clothes and dry).

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New Collection Autumn-Winter 2012-2013 Hircus Yarn, direct sales

Hircus Yarns sells its products directly to the public in our website:

Introducing the new autumn-winter Hircus Yarn.

The new collections include yarn:

– Cashmere
– Baby Yak
– Baby Camel
– Baby Alpaca
– Merino
– Mohair and mohair superkid

– Yarn cashmere, yak, camel, alpaca dyed with natural pigments plant, 100% natural yarns that have not undergone any type of chemical treatment.

– Cashmere and Wool Yarn in recycled eco- low environmental impact

Each item is produced by spinning Italian specialized in that particular article, to offer a guarantee of quality at competitive prices.

Hircus Yarn born over 10 years ago as a specialist in pure cashmere yarns and yarns, and over the years also specializes in Alpaca, Yak and Camel. Holders of Hircus yarns have over 30 years of experience in this field and provide their knowledge in order to offer the best quality Made in Italy on the market.

An invitation to all the readers go to our website and buy a small amount of one of our articles, what inspires you the most, make a head, and try and touch the quality of our yarns .

Our motto is:

Quality, Competitive Price, Made in Italy, Experience. Try to believe!

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For Shops, Knitwear, Knitter, etc.

If you have a yarn store or a shop, if you're a knitter or an embroidery or a pack, if you're a knitter and you have a VAT number, download free color cards and the wholesale price list of our Fall / Winter 2012 -2013, you'll find a lot of interesting news.

Pure cashmere yarn produced by the best Italian specialized spinning at great prices.

Natural yarns dyed with plant pigments, natural 100%, who not have undergone any type of chemical treatment..

Yarn in:

– Baby Yak
– Baby camel
– Baby Alpaca
– Mohair and Superkid Mohair
– Merino
– Silk

and cashmere yarns in pure and mixed recycled environmentally friendly.

Yarn machine, gauges from 3 to 12, and yarn for knitting (crochet, knitting, embroidery, etc..) In all the above items.

Click on this link and fill out the form with your data, you will receive an email with simple instructions to download the color chart and price list:
and select language "English"

and while you're there, take a look at our website.

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From Wikipedia

Yarn is a long continuous length of interlocked fibres, suitable for use in the production of textiles, sewing, crocheting, knitting, weaving, embroidery and ropemaking. Thread is a type of yarn intended for sewing by hand or machine. Modern manufactured sewing threads may be finished with wax or other lubricants to withstand the stresses involved in sewing.[1] Embroidery threads are yarns specifically designed for hand or machine embroidery.


Main article: Spinning (textiles)
A Spinning Jenny, spinning machine which initiated the Industrial Revolution

Spun yarn is made by twisting or otherwise bonding staple fibers together to make a cohesive thread.Twisting fibers into yarn in the process called spinning can be dated back to the Upper Paleolithic, and yarn spinning was one of the very first processes to be industrialized. Spun yarns may contain a single type of fiber, or be a blend of various types. Combining synthetic fibers (which can have high strength, lustre, and fire retardant qualities) with natural fibers (which have good water absorbency and skin comforting qualities) is very common. The most widely used blends are cotton-polyester and wool-acrylic fiber blends. Blends of different natural fibers are common too, especially with more expensive fibers such as angora and cashmere.

Yarns are made up of a number of plies, each ply being a single spun yarn. These single plies of yarn are twisted together (plied) in the opposite direction to make a thicker yarn. Depending on the direction of this final twist, the yarn will be known as s-twist or z-twist. For a single ply, the direction of the final twist is the same as its original twist.

Filament yarn consists of filament fibers (very long continuous fibers) either twisted together or only grouped together. Thicker monofilaments are typically used for industrial purposes rather than fabric production or decoration. Silk is a natural filament, and synthetic filament yarns are used to produce silk-like effects.

Texturized yarns are made by a process of air texturizing (sometimes referred to as taslanizing), which combines multiple filament yarns into a yarn with some of the characteristics of spun yarns.

Craft yarns
Cat with a ball of mixed-color yarn.
Spool of all purpose sewing thread, closeup shows texture of 2-ply Z-twist mercerized cotton with polyester core.
Yarn drying after being dyed in the early American tradition, at Conner Prairie living history museum.

Yarn quantities are usually measured by weight in ounces or grams. In the United States, Canada and Europe, balls of yarn for handcrafts are sold by weight. Common sizes include 25g, 50g, and 100g skeins. Some companies also primarily measure in ounces with common sizes being three-ounce, four-ounce, six-ounce, and eight-ounce skeins. These measurements are taken at a standard temperature and humidity, because yarn can absorb moisture from the air. The actual length of the yarn contained in a ball or skein can vary due to the inherent heaviness of the fiber and the thickness of the strand; for instance, a 50 g skein of lace weight mohair may contain several hundred meters, while a 50 g skein of bulky wool may contain only 60 meters.

There are several thicknesses of yarn, also referred to as weight. This is not to be confused with the measurement of weight listed above. The Craft Yarn Council of America is making an effort to promote a standardized industry system for measuring this, numbering the weights from 1 (finest) to 6 (heaviest)[4]. Some of the names for the various weights of yarn from finest to thickest are called lace, fingering, sock, sport, double-knit (or DK), worsted, aran, bulky, and super-bulky. This naming convention is more descriptive than precise; fiber artists disagree about where on the continuum each lies, and the precise relationships between the sizes.

A more precise measurement of yarn weight, often used by weavers, is wraps per inch (wpi). The yarn is wrapped snugly around a ruler and the number of wraps that fit in an inch are counted.

Labels on yarn for handcrafts often include information on gauge, known in the UK as tension, which is a measurement of how many stitches and rows are produced per inch or per centimeter on a specified size of knitting needle or crochet hook. The proposed standardization uses a four-by-four inch/ten-by-ten centimeter knitted or crocheted square, with the resultant number of stitches across and rows high made by the suggested tools on the label to determine the gauge.

In Europe textile engineers often use the unit tex, which is the weight in grams of a kilometer of yarn, or decitex, which is a finer measurement corresponding to the weight in grams of 10 kilometers of yarn. Many other units have been used over time by different industries.


Yarn may be used undyed, or may be colored with natural or artificial dyes. Most yarns have a single uniform hue, but there is also a wide selection of variegated yarns:

* heathered or tweed: yarn with flecks of different colored fiber
* ombre: variegated yarn with light and dark shades of a single hue
* multi-colored: variegated yarn with two or more distinct hues (a “parrot colorway” might have green, yellow and red)
* self-striping: yarn dyed with lengths of color that will automatically create stripes in a knitted or crocheted object
* marled: yarn made from strands of different-colored yarn twisted together, sometimes in closely-related hues

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Canotta in Cashmere


OCCORRENTE (per una taglia 42):
Primo filato: 125 gr. di filato rosa 613 (o altro colore a piacere);
Secondo filato: 150 gr. di filato rosa 30 (o altro colore a piacere) – di cui 130 gr. per la canotta e 20 gr. per la pochette;
Ferri n. 5;
Ago da lana con punta arrotondata;
Una manciata di perle piccole;
Una chiusura lampo lunga cm. 16;
Una farfallina metallica decorativa;
Un pezzettino di fodera in tinta.

Con i ferri:
Maglia rasata.

Con l’ago:
Punto erba.
Punto margherita.
Punto pieno.

Cm. 10×10 lavorati con i ferri n. 5 e con i due filati usati insieme a maglia rasata sono pari a 16 m. e 19 ferri.

Canotta – dietro: avv. 70 m. con i ferri n.5 e con i filati usati. Lav. 4 ferri a legaccio, pari a cm. 1,5 di alt. Pros. a m.rasata. A cm.37 di alt.tot., per gli scalfi intrecc. ai lati 4 m., poi, all’interno delle 2 m. di margine che si lavorano a legaccio, dim. 1 m. ogni 2 ferri per 6 volte (=50 m.). Per dim. 1 m. all’inizio del ferro lav. 1 acc. sempl. (pass. 1 m. a dir., alla fine del ferro lav.1 acc. sempl. (pass. 1 m. a dir. senza lavorarla, 1 m. dir., acc. la m. passata su quella lavorata a dir.). A cm. 56 di alt. tot., lav. le prime e le ultime 11 m. a m.rasata, le 28 m. centrali a legaccio per 4 ferri. A cm. 58 di alt.tot., intrecc. tutte le m.
Canotta – davanti: si lavora come il dietro. A cm. 40 di alt.tot., per lo scollo dividere il lavoro e pros. le due parti separat. All’interno delle 2 m. di margine dello scollo, che si lavorano a legaccio, dim. 1 m. ogni 2 ferri per 12 volte, 1 m. ogni 4 ferri per 2 volte. A cm. 58 di alt.tot. intrecc. le 11 m. rimaste per ciascuna spalla.
Pochette: avv. 24 m. con i ferri n. 5 e con il primo filato, messo doppio. Lav. 4 ferri a legaccio. Pros. a m.rasata. A cm. 26 di alt.tot., lav. 4 ferri a legaccio e intrecc. le m.

Canotta: cucire le spalle e i fianchi. Con l’unc. e con il primo filato, rifinire lo scollo e gli scalfi con un giro a punto gambero. Con l’ago e con il primo filato, messo doppio, eseguire il ricamo come da disegno 1, lavorando gli steli a punto erba, le foglie e i petali a punto margherita, il pistillo a punto pieno ma con il secondo filato. Decorare il pistillo , la punta di otni foglia e gli steli con le perline.
Pochette: piegare il rettangolo a metà e, su uno dei lati (il dav. della pochette) ricamare lo stelo come da disegno 2, con il secondo filato messo doppio. Decorare con le perline lo stelo e le punte di ogni foglia. Cucire le parti laterali del rettangolo doppiato e inserire la lampo lungo l’apertura. Con la fodera, confezionare un sacchettino, fissandolo all’interno della pochette con un sottopunto. Applicare in un angolo la farfallina.


Quando si deve cambiare colore in un lavoro a p. coste, lav. il primo ferro con il nuovo colore tutto a dir. sul dir. del lavoro, per evitare che si vedano dei nodini di colore contrastante.

Se alcune righe colorate sono formate da un numero di ferri dispari, lavorare con i ferri a due punti, per non dover spezzare il filo ad ogni cambio di colore. Per rendere più regolare la m., prima di stirare il capo avvolgerlo in un panno umido e lasciarlo così per qualche ora (o per una notte).

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From fiber to yarn

If you pull a thread from a cotton fabric, examining it carefully you will see that is formed by a number of thin fibers (long from a few millimeters to about 5 centimeters) twisted together. The same applies to a thread of wool, but in this case the fibers are longer (5 to 15 centimeters). In a thread of silk fibers are even longer (even several meters). In any case, the resistance of the wire depends on the number of turns given to the fibers.

Up to two hundred years ago, the fibers were spun laboriously by hand, by means of spindles and distaff. In 1764 James Hargreaves invented a machine for spinning cotton, which was run eight spindles at a time. Hargreaves’s invention was called giannelta (Jenng from his wife) and was the first of a series of machines that have revolutionized the technique of spinning. In 1769 was turned the spinning wheel of Sir Richard Arkwright in 1779 and appeared to work the spinning intermittent Samuel Crompton, who, unlike the previous ones, producing very fine yarns.

Before being spun, the fibers must undergo a cleaning process. The raw cotton bales must be extracted from about 250 kilograms of highly compressed, and then passed into a series of machines to loosen, mix it and beat him, freeing him from big msi impurities and traces of soil. Once clean, the cotton is compressed into the form of groundwater (sheets), and is ready for cardahice. This machine consists of a horizontal cylinder, covered with a large number of iron teeth, which rotates rapidly. These teeth pass (comb) of cotton fibers from groundwater to the cylinder, which soon becomes covered with a thin layer of fibers arranged parallel to each other. The cylinder rotates just under a series of so-called “rappelle”, is also the teeth of iron. Hats off comb the fibers from the cylinder so that, leaving the carding, they are reduced in the form of a slow tape often around one finger.

These strips of cotton are very different from the raw materials into highly compressed bales heavy as it had arrived at the factory not only carding disentangles the fibers and removes any remaining impurities, but also eliminates the weaker fibers that would reduce the quality of the yarn. The fibers are now packaged without compressing, free to slide on each other. This often tape passed through special machines called rtiratoi, is then stretched to become more subtle. To ensure a uniform union yarn fiber for its entire length, sometimes you have several tapes in parallel to stretch together. To obtain an exceptionally smooth spun before straightening to pass the tapes are made by combing machines that make the fiber even more parallel. Once you have been stretched to the desired thickness, the strips are twisted into yarn.

The raw wool must be washed to remove the natural oil and sweat accumulated. The wool is much like the cotton row, with some variations caused by the fact that the wool fibers are longer and more wavy. During the operation of carding processes are different depending on whether you want to get carded wool (and then the fibers are carded in order not to keep them parallel, but let them go in all directions) or a worsted yarn (in this second case the fibers Cardano and comb their hair in order to place them perfectly parallel).
The silk should not be carded. Silk cocoons are dipped into hot water to dissolve the gummy substance that holds the fibers together; do this, the fibers are unwound from the cocoons and twisted to form yarn.

Artificial fibers are reduced directly from the filament yarns that are cold-ironed, but if you must combine artificial fibers other natural fibers, which are shorter, you must cut them in advance, so as to bring them all ‘ approximately the same length of natural fibers.

The yarns can be enhanced by further twisting, but it makes them any more harsh to the touch. This hardness is suitable for worsted used for clothing for men, but not for wool yarns that are used in knitting, the latter must be twisting just enough to give them the necessary resistance, which may indeed increase (without jeopardizing the softness) twisting together two or three thin yarn.

The artificial yarns become “elastic” through the process known as false twisting, the fibers that leads to the form of coil springs, long and thin, but after being pulled, reproduce more or less their original length.

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